The full form of ISRO is Indian Space Research Organisation which is the space agency of India. ISRO is a major constituent of the Department of Space (DOS), Government of India. The organisation is involved in Science, Engineering and Technology to harvest the benefits of outer space for India and the mankind. The department executes the Indian Space Programme mainly through various Centres or units within ISRO.
ISRO was previously the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), set up by the Government of India in 1962, as planned by Dr. Vikram A. Sarabhai. Thereafter, the ISRO was formed on August 15, 1969 and superseded INCOSPAR with an expanded role to harness space technology for India. Then, DOS was set up and ISRO was brought under DOS in 1972.
The major objective of ISRO/DOS is the development and application of space technology for various national needs. To fulfil this objective, ISRO has established major space systems for communication, television broadcasting and meteorological services; resources monitoring and management; space-based navigation services. ISRO has developed satellite launch vehicles, PSLV and GSLV, to place the satellites in the required orbits.
Alongside its technological advancement, ISRO contributes to science and science education in the country. Various dedicated research centres and autonomous institutions for remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics, atmospheric sciences and space sciences in general function under the aegis of Department of Space (DOS). ISRO’s own Lunar i.e. Chandrayaan and interplanetary missions, such as Mangalyaan, along with other scientific projects encourage and promote science education, apart from providing valuable data to the scientific community which in turn enriches science.