Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft reaches Sriharikota spaceport for July launch

Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft reaches Sriharikota spaceport for July launch: The Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Chandrayaan-3 has reached the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota ahead of its launch planned for July, according to reports. The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a follow-on to the ill-fated Chandrayaan-2 mission.

Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft reaches Sriharikota spaceport for July launch

Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft reaches Sriharikota spaceport for July launch

Chandrayaan-3, consisting of a lander and a rover, has arrived at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, where preparations are underway for its upcoming launch in July. This mission follows the Chandrayaan-2 mission, which faced challenges during its soft landing attempt.

Launch System and Lunar Orbit

The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft will be launched using the Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3) system developed by ISRO. The propulsion module of the launch system will transport the lander and rover configuration to a lunar orbit approximately 100 kilometers above the Moon’s surface. The propulsion module will also carry the SHAPE (Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth) instrument, which will study Earth from the lunar orbit.

Soft Landing on the Lunar Surface

The primary objective of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is to achieve a successful soft landing on the lunar surface. Only three countries, namely the former Soviet Union, the United States, and China, have accomplished this feat thus far. ISRO attempted a soft landing with the Chandrayaan-2 mission; however, the Vikram lander lost contact with the mission control, resulting in a partial failure.

Previous Attempts and Private-led Missions

Apart from national space agencies, there have been private-led missions that aimed for a soft landing on the Moon. The Israeli spacecraft Beresheet and the Japanese Hakuto lander were two notable examples. Unfortunately, both missions faced difficulties, with Beresheet crashing moments before touchdown and Hakuto failing to achieve a soft landing after a four-month-long journey from Earth.

Importance of Chandrayaan-3 Mission

If the Chandrayaan-3 mission succeeds, India will become the fourth nation to achieve a soft landing on the Moon. This milestone would be a significant advancement for ISRO and the country’s space exploration endeavors. Lessons learned from the Chandrayaan-2 mission have been taken into account to ensure the success of Chandrayaan-3.

Preparations and Expectations

The U.R. Rao Satellite Center in Bengaluru assembled the payload for the Chandrayaan-3 mission. The director of the center, M. Sankaran, expressed optimism about the upcoming launch, stating that preparations are underway at Sriharikota and the launch is expected to take place in July. ISRO has carefully analyzed every aspect of the mission, considering the experiences from Chandrayaan-2, and implemented necessary precautions.

The arrival of Chandrayaan-3 at the Sriharikota spaceport marks an important milestone in India’s space exploration journey. The mission’s objective of achieving a soft landing on the Moon demonstrates ISRO’s determination and commitment to advancing scientific knowledge. With preparations underway, the nation eagerly awaits the launch of Chandrayaan-3 in July.

Also Read I Chandrayaan 3.

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FAQs

Q1. What is Chandrayaan-3?

Chandrayaan-3 is the follow-on mission to Chandrayaan-2, an Indian lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It consists of a lander and a rover and aims to achieve a soft landing on the Moon.

Q2. What is the Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3) system?

The Launch Vehicle Mark-III (LVM3) system is a launch vehicle developed by ISRO. It is designed to carry heavy payloads and is capable of launching missions to the Moon and other celestial bodies.

Q3. What is the significance of a soft landing on the Moon?

A soft landing on the Moon is a challenging task that only a few nations have successfully accomplished. It involves landing a spacecraft gently on the lunar surface without causing damage. Achieving a soft landing opens up opportunities for scientific exploration and paves the way for future missions.

Q4. What were the previous attempts at a soft landing on the Moon?

Previous attempts at a soft landing on the Moon include missions by the former Soviet Union, the United States, and China. Private-led missions, such as the Israeli spacecraft Beresheet and the Japanese Hakuto lander, have also made attempts but encountered challenges.

Q5. What is the expected outcome of the Chandrayaan-3 mission?

If the Chandrayaan-3 mission succeeds, India will become the fourth nation to achieve a soft landing on the Moon. This would be a significant accomplishment for ISRO and a testament to India’s growing capabilities in space exploration.

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