Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft ready to be encapsulated into rocket

Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft ready to be encapsulated into rocket: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is making significant strides towards its highly anticipated Chandrayaan 3 mission. Recently, ISRO shared pictures of its third lunar spacecraft, Chandrayaan 3, which has been successfully mated with the payload adapter. This crucial step brings us one step closer to the launch of the mission. In this article, we will delve into the details of Chandrayaan-3, its objectives, and the advancements made by ISRO.

Chandrayaan 3

Introduction: The Indian Space Agency’s Ambitious Lunar Mission

The Indian Space Agency, ISRO, has been at the forefront of India’s space exploration endeavors. With the Chandrayaan 3 mission, ISRO aims to build upon the successes and learnings from its previous lunar missions. This mission will mark India’s third lunar exploration and its second attempt at a soft landing on the lunar surface.

Mating Chandrayaan 3 with the Payload Adapter: A Milestone Achievement

The recent development in the Chandrayaan-3 mission is the successful mating of the lunar spacecraft with the payload adapter. The payload adapter serves as the crucial link between the satellite (payload) and the upper stage of the rocket. Once the satellite is connected to the payload dispenser, it is encapsulated within the payload fairing, which acts as the nose cone of the rocket. This significant milestone paves the way for the final stacking of the spacecraft onto the launch vehicle.

The Namesakes of Chandrayaan 2: Vikram and Pragyan

Dr. S Somanath, Chairman of ISRO, revealed that the lunar lander and rover of Chandrayaan-3 will retain the names used in Chandrayaan-2. The lander will be known as ‘Vikram,’ paying homage to Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, the visionary behind the Indian space program. The rover will be named ‘Pragyan,’ a Sanskrit word meaning wisdom. This decision reflects the deep respect and admiration for the individuals who have contributed significantly to India’s space exploration efforts.

Chandraayan 2

The Lunar Landing Attempt: Learning from Chandrayaan 2

Chandrayaan 2, ISRO’s previous lunar mission, encountered challenges during its lunar landing attempt. The ‘Vikram’ lunar lander, which was only two kilometers away from the lunar surface, lost communication with ISRO as it approached for a vertical landing. The lander experienced a hard landing and could not survive, resulting in an incomplete lunar landing mission. However, the orbiter component of Chandrayaan 2 continues to orbit the moon and provide valuable scientific data from its payloads.

Chandrayaan 3: A Different Approach

In contrast to Chandrayaan 2, Chandrayaan 3 will not include an orbiter mounted with multiple science payloads. Instead, the mission will utilize the orbiter from Chandrayaan 2 and focus on the lunar landing objective. The integrated spacecraft will comprise the propulsion module and other necessary components, ensuring that it reaches the lunar orbit successfully. By adopting this approach, ISRO aims to optimize the mission’s efficiency and increase the chances of a successful lunar landing.

Conclusion

The progress made by ISRO in the Chandrayaan-3 mission is promising. With the successful mating of Chandrayaan 3 with the payload adapter, we are witnessing significant advancements towards the mid-July launch. ISRO’s decision to retain the names ‘Vikram’ and ‘Pragyan’ for the lander and rover respectively adds a touch of reverence to the mission. Chandrayaan 3 presents an opportunity for ISRO to overcome the challenges faced during Chandrayaan-2 and accomplish a successful lunar landing, further cementing India’s position in space exploration.

Also read I Chandrayaan 3.

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FAQs

When is the expected launch date for Chandrayaan 3?

ISRO is aiming for a mid-July launch for the Chandrayaan 3 mission.

What is the purpose of the payload adapter?

The payload adapter is a hardware component used to connect the satellite (payload) to the upper stage of a rocket.

Why are the lander and rover of Chandrayaan 3 named ‘Vikram’ and ‘Pragyan’?

The lander is named ‘Vikram’ as a tribute to Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, the visionary behind the Indian space program. The rover is named ‘Pragyan,’ which means wisdom in Sanskrit.

What happened during Chandrayaan 2’s lunar landing attempt?

Chandrayaan-2’s ‘Vikram’ lunar lander experienced a hard landing and lost communication with ISRO, resulting in an incomplete lunar landing mission.

How will Chandrayaan 3 differ from Chandrayaan 2?

Chandrayaan 3 will not include an orbiter with multiple science payloads. Instead, it will utilize the orbiter from Chandrayaan 2 and focus on the lunar landing objective.

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