The Indian Space Research Organisation’s Gaganyaan Mission Update

The Indian Space Research Organisation’s Gaganyaan Mission Update: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is at the forefront of space exploration and has been making significant progress in its ambitious Gaganyaan mission. The Gaganyaan mission aims to send Indian astronauts to space, marking a monumental milestone in India’s space program. Chairman S Somanath recently shared updates on the upcoming activities at the spaceport in Sriharikota, shedding light on the testing of the crew module and other missions.

The Indian Space Research Organisation's Gaganyaan Mission Update

The Indian Space Research Organisation’s Gaganyaan Mission Update: Testing of the Crew Module for Gaganyaan Mission

Ensuring the safety and success of the Gaganyaan mission is of paramount importance. In line with this objective, ISRO is planning to conduct a crucial test known as the crew module test. The test vehicle mission is scheduled to take place in July and will play a vital role in evaluating the crew module’s performance. The test vehicle is already present at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, where scientists are diligently working on its preparations.

During the test, the crew module will be taken to an altitude of 14 kilometers. From there, a problem will be simulated, challenging the crew module’s escape mechanisms. The primary focus is to demonstrate the crew module’s ability to withstand and safely escape from potential accidents during the Gaganyaan mission. To ensure comprehensive testing, ISRO is collaborating with various stakeholders, including the Navy, for their expertise and support.

Launch of Synthetic Aperture Radar Mission

ISRO’s collaboration with international space agencies is not limited to the Gaganyaan mission. The space agency is also working on the launch of the Synthetic Aperture Radar Mission (NISAR) in association with the National Aeronautics Space Agency (NASA). NISAR is an Earth-observing mission that aims to make global measurements of land surface changes using advanced radar imaging technology.

The joint mission between ISRO and NASA seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the causes and consequences of land surface changes. By leveraging advanced radar imaging, NISAR will provide valuable insights into various environmental factors affecting our planet. The mission’s significance lies in its potential to contribute to our understanding of climate change, natural disasters, and other global phenomena.

Future Launches and Activities

Apart from the Gaganyaan mission and the NISAR mission, ISRO has a series of launches and activities lined up at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The next launch on the agenda is the INSAT-3Ds satellite, which is dedicated to climate and weather observation. This satellite will be launched using the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).

The GSLV, which has proven its capabilities, will also be the preferred rocket for upcoming missions like the NISAR mission. ISRO’s commitment to innovation and progress is evident in its plans to conduct launches using the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) as well as the GSLV MkIII. These launches will further enhance India’s space capabilities and scientific endeavors.

Progress on Gaganyaan Mission

ISRO’s relentless efforts to ensure the success of the Gaganyaan mission are evident in the ongoing tests and collaborations. Scientists are rigorously working on various tests to prepare for the mission’s challenges and requirements. Coordination with the Navy and other stakeholders is crucial for the mission’s success, given their expertise and experience in similar endeavors.

The upcoming crew module test will be a significant milestone. By simulating potential accidents and emergencies, ISRO aims to validate the crew module’s safety mechanisms. The test will demonstrate the crew module’s ability to escape and ensure the astronauts’ well-being in adverse situations. Following the test, there will be an unmanned mission, and subsequently, the crew module will be taken to orbit and returned safely.

Kulasekarapattinam Launch Pad

To expand its launch capabilities, ISRO is in the process of acquiring land in Kulasekarapattinam, Tamil Nadu, for the construction of a new launch pad. This launch pad will cater to small launch vehicles, providing increased flexibility and access to space for various missions. Furthermore, there are plans to facilitate rocket launches for private players in the future, opening up new possibilities for collaboration and advancements in space technology.

Next-Generation Launch Vehicle

ISRO is constantly striving to push the boundaries of space exploration and technology. The space agency is currently engaged in discussions regarding the development of a next-generation launch vehicle. While specific details are yet to be disclosed, the focus is on creating a recoverable stage rocket that utilizes liquid and semi-cryogenic technology.

The objective of the next-generation launch vehicle is to increase payload capacity while significantly reducing costs. By exploring different architectural designs and partnering with industries, ISRO aims to revolutionize the launch vehicle domain. The development of a heavier and more cost-effective rocket will enhance India’s space capabilities and competitiveness on the global stage.

Navigation Satellite Launch

Recently, ISRO successfully launched a navigation satellite on-board a GSLV rocket. Unlike previous navigation satellite missions that utilized the PSLV, this launch showcased the capabilities of the GSLV for heavier payloads. Navigation satellites play a vital role in providing accurate positioning and timing information for various applications, including civilian usage.

ISRO’s navigation satellite services are gradually expanding, and with the launch of additional satellites in the future, the satnav facility will become increasingly accessible to civilian users. This progress is significant as it will enhance navigation capabilities, making satnav accessible to a broader audience and enabling its integration into everyday mobile phone usage.

Expansion of Navigation Satellite Services

ISRO has plans to launch more navigation satellites to further expand the satnav facility. The services enabled by these satellites will have a transformative impact on various sectors, including transportation, logistics, surveying, and disaster management. With the availability of satnav services, mobile phones will become compatible with navigation systems, providing users with accurate positioning and reliable navigation support.

In the near future, the combination of multiple navigation satellites and technological advancements will enable enhanced precision and coverage. The continuous expansion of navigation satellite services will bring immense benefits to both the public and private sectors, facilitating efficient and reliable navigation across diverse domains.


The Indian Space Research Organisation’s activities at the spaceport in Sriharikota showcase the organization’s commitment to pushing the boundaries of space exploration. From the upcoming crew module test for the Gaganyaan mission to the launch of the NISAR mission and expansion of navigation satellite services, ISRO is making significant progress in various domains.

The Gaganyaan mission, with its focus on crewed space exploration, is a testament to India’s aspirations and advancements in the field of space. By conducting comprehensive tests and collaborations, ISRO is ensuring the mission’s success and the safety of its astronauts.

The launch of the NISAR mission, in collaboration with NASA, highlights the importance of international partnerships in advancing scientific knowledge. The joint mission aims to make significant global measurements of land surface changes, contributing to our understanding of our planet and its evolving environment.

As ISRO continues to plan future launches, establish new launch pads, and develop next-generation launch vehicles, India’s space program is poised to achieve new heights. The organization’s efforts to expand navigation satellite services will further revolutionize various sectors and provide individuals with enhanced navigation capabilities.

With its relentless pursuit of excellence and innovation, ISRO is setting a remarkable example for space agencies worldwide. The Indian Space Research Organisation’s contributions continue to inspire and pave the way for future space exploration endeavors.

Also read about Gaganyaan.


1. What is the Gaganyaan mission?

The Gaganyaan mission is India’s ambitious project to send astronauts to space. It aims to mark a significant milestone in India’s space program and demonstrate the country’s capabilities in crewed space exploration.

2. When will the crew module testing take place?

The crew module testing is scheduled to take place in July as part of the preparations for the Gaganyaan mission. This test will simulate potential accidents and emergencies to ensure the crew module’s safety and the astronauts’ well-being.

3. What is the significance of the NISAR mission?

The NISAR mission is a joint endeavor between ISRO and NASA. It aims to make global measurements of land surface changes using advanced radar imaging technology. The mission’s findings will contribute to our understanding of climate change, natural disasters, and other significant land surface phenomena.

4. Which rocket will be used for future launches?

Future launches, including the NISAR mission, will primarily utilize the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). The GSLV has proven its capabilities in handling heavier payloads and is suitable for various mission requirements.

5. Will civilian users have access to the navigation satellite services?

Yes, as ISRO expands its navigation satellite services, civilian users will have access to the satnav facility. The integration of satnav into mobile phones will enable individuals to benefit from accurate positioning and reliable navigation support in their everyday lives.

Leave a Comment