Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV)

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is gearing up for its ambitious Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV) project. The NGLV aims to revolutionize India’s space exploration capabilities by developing a highly advanced and cost-effective rocket. ISRO Chairman S. Somanath recently provided insights into the progress made by the agency in this regard. In this article, we will delve into the details of the NGLV project, its design considerations, objectives, and potential impact on India’s space industry.

Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV)

Introduction to the Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV)

The NGLV project is an integral part of ISRO’s long-term strategy to enhance its launch capabilities and technological prowess. With the increasing demand for satellite launches and space exploration missions, ISRO recognizes the need for a technologically advanced rocket that can meet future requirements efficiently. The NGLV is envisioned to be a significant milestone in this direction.

The Need for a Technologically Advanced Rocket

ISRO’s decision to develop the NGLV stems from the need to stay ahead in the rapidly evolving global space industry. The current generation of launch vehicles has served ISRO well, but the NGLV aims to incorporate cutting-edge technologies and design elements to address the future demands of space missions. It will be a giant leap forward in terms of performance, reusability, and cost-effectiveness.

Objectives of the NGLV Project

The primary objectives of the NGLV project are to:

  1. Develop a rocket architecture that is technologically superior and capable of meeting the evolving demands of space missions.
  2. Enhance reusability to reduce costs and make space launches more economical.
  3. Utilize new generation propulsion systems to improve overall performance.
  4. Incorporate cryogenic propulsion for enhanced payload capacity.
  5. Utilize materials available in India for manufacturing, ensuring self-sufficiency.
  6. Optimize costs and explore industry partnerships for manufacturing and funding.

Design Considerations for the NGLV

The design of the NGLV requires careful consideration of various factors. It should possess the following features:

  1. Partial reusability: The NGLV should have reusable boosters to minimize costs and enable multiple launches.
  2. New generation propulsion: State-of-the-art propulsion systems will be employed to enhance performance and reliability.
  3. Cryogenic propulsion: Cryogenic engines will be integrated to enhance payload capacity and support more complex missions.
  4. Manufacturability: The rocket design should leverage existing manufacturing capabilities in India to ensure cost-effectiveness.
  5. Cost optimization: ISRO aims to reduce the overall cost of rocket production through efficient design and manufacturing processes.

Reusability and New Generation Propulsion

One of the key focus areas of the NGLV project is reusability. By making certain components of the rocket reusable, ISRO aims to significantly bring down launch costs. Reusable boosters can be recovered and refurbished for subsequent missions, reducing the need for manufacturing new components for every launch.

Additionally, the NGLV will employ new generation propulsion systems. These advanced engines will provide increased thrust and efficiency, enabling the rocket to carry heavier payloads or reach higher orbits. The integration of these technologies will bolster India’s space exploration capabilities and make it more competitive on the global stage.

Cryogenic Propulsion and Payload Enhancement

Cryogenic propulsion technology plays a crucial role in expanding the payload capacity of rockets. The NGLV project aims to incorporate cryogenic engines to enable the launch of larger satellites and undertake more complex missions. The ability to carry heavier payloads will open up new opportunities for scientific research, communication, and remote sensing applications.

Manufacturing and Cost Optimization

ISRO is determined to develop the NGLV using indigenous resources and manufacturing capabilities. By utilizing materials currently available in India, the agency aims to reduce dependency on imports and establish self-sufficiency. This approach will not only save costs but also contribute to the growth of the domestic aerospace industry.

To further optimize costs, ISRO plans to explore partnerships with the private sector. The New Space India Limited (NSIL) will take the lead in engaging with industry stakeholders and facilitating their involvement in the manufacturing cycle. ISRO will provide guidance and support to ensure a successful collaboration, and a business model will be created to secure the necessary funding for the NGLV project.

Industry Partnership and NSIL’s Role

ISRO recognizes the importance of involving industry partners in the development and manufacturing of the NGLV. By collaborating with the private sector, ISRO aims to leverage the expertise and resources available in the industry. Industry stakeholders will have the opportunity to contribute to the design, manufacturing, and even become shareholders in the project.

The NSIL, entrusted with the responsibility of promoting and commercializing space technologies, will play a key role in facilitating the industry partnership. NSIL will establish a framework for collaboration, ensuring that industry partners have a meaningful role in shaping the NGLV project. This approach fosters synergy between ISRO and the private sector and paves the way for a robust space industry ecosystem in India.

Commercial Launch Vehicle Potential

The NGLV is not only aimed at serving government-driven space missions but also holds significant potential as a commercial launch vehicle. By offering cost-effective and reliable launch services, ISRO aims to tap into the growing global market for satellite launches. The NGLV’s advanced capabilities, coupled with its competitive pricing, can position India as a preferred destination for commercial space missions.

While the development of the NGLV is a complex and time-consuming process, ISRO is well-positioned to undertake this ambitious project. The agency already possesses the necessary infrastructure, expertise, and experience to accelerate the development process. By focusing solely on the rocket’s manufacturing, ISRO can allocate resources effectively and expedite the timeline of the project.

Overview of the Spacecraft Mission Operations Conference

In addition to the NGLV project, ISRO is also prioritizing advancements in space mission operations and ground segments. To highlight the significance of these aspects, the Spacecraft Mission Operations (SMOPS-2023) conference was inaugurated by ISRO Chairman S. Somanath. The conference focuses on emerging technologies and automation in space mission operations and ground stations.

The conference provides a platform for space industry professionals to exchange knowledge, discuss advancements, and explore collaborative opportunities. It emphasizes the critical role of ground segments and mission operations in ensuring the success of space missions. The insights gained from such conferences contribute to the continuous improvement and innovation in space mission operations.

Importance of Ground Segment and Mission Operations

Ground segment and mission operations are vital components of any space mission. While the focus is often on rockets and satellites, these aspects are equally critical for the overall success of space exploration endeavors. Ground segments comprise ground stations, control centers, and tracking systems that facilitate communication with satellites and monitor their performance.

Mission operations involve various activities such as satellite tracking, maneuver planning, payload operations, and anomaly resolution. Skilled professionals manage these operations to ensure the smooth functioning of satellites and the timely execution of mission objectives. Ground segment infrastructure and mission operations expertise are essential to maintain the integrity and efficiency of space missions.

Business Opportunities in the Space Sector

The advancements in space technology and the liberalization of India’s space policy have created significant business opportunities in the sector. The space industry is no longer limited to government-driven projects but has opened its doors to non-governmental enterprises as well. The private sector now has the opportunity to contribute to mission operations, ground segments, satellite services, and other aspects of the space industry.

These developments have led to the emergence of new players in the market, fostering competition and innovation. The increasing demand for satellite-based services, including communication, broadcasting, and Earth observation, presents lucrative business prospects. The space sector’s growth is expected to create jobs, stimulate economic growth, and position India as a global space technology hub.

India’s New Space Policy and the Private Sector

India’s new space policy has been instrumental in attracting private sector participation in the space industry. The policy aims to create a conducive environment for private enterprises by simplifying regulations and providing incentives for investment. It encourages collaboration between government agencies, ISRO, and the private sector to drive innovation and growth.

With the liberalization of the space sector, non-governmental entities can establish their ground stations, provide satellite services, and participate in mission operations. This policy shift has unlocked immense potential for entrepreneurs, startups, and established companies to contribute to India’s space exploration endeavors.


The Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV) project by ISRO represents a significant leap forward in India’s space exploration capabilities. With its focus on advanced technologies, reusability, and cost optimization, the NGLV aims to enhance India’s position in the global space industry. The project’s success relies on collaborations with the private sector, leveraging the expertise and resources available in India.

Additionally, the emphasis on ground segments and mission operations, as highlighted in the Spacecraft Mission Operations conference, reinforces the critical role of these aspects in space missions. The growing business opportunities in the space sector, driven by India’s new space policy, present exciting prospects for private enterprises.

India’s space industry is on an upward trajectory, and the NGLV project and related developments are poised to propel it further. With a strong foundation and a strategic approach, ISRO and its partners are well-equipped to make India a frontrunner in space exploration and satellite technology.

Also read I Chandrayaan 3.

Also see I  GSLVF12/ NVS01 Launch.


What is the Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV)?

The Next Generation Launch Vehicle (NGLV) is an ambitious project by ISRO aimed at developing a technologically advanced and cost-effective rocket for space missions.

What are the objectives of the NGLV project?

The objectives of the NGLV project include enhancing reusability, incorporating new generation propulsion systems, utilizing cryogenic propulsion, optimizing costs, and exploring industry partnerships.

How will the NGLV benefit India’s space industry?

The NGLV will boost India’s space industry by offering cost-effective launch services, enabling commercial space missions, and stimulating the growth of domestic manufacturing capabilities.

What is the significance of ground segments and mission operations in space missions?

Ground segments and mission operations play a critical role in the success of space missions. They involve satellite tracking, communication, maneuver planning, payload operations, and anomaly resolution.

What are the business opportunities in the space sector?

The liberalization of India’s space policy has created various business opportunities in the sector, including satellite services, mission operations, ground segments, and satellite-based applications such as communication and Earth observation.

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